Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy Treatments and Physical Conditioning

Physical training for high performance athletes

High Performance Sports Rehabilitation

Its most notable effects for high-level athletes are that it is used prior to the practice of the sport, it increases its performance, its resistance to the effort, it prepares the muscles to prevent injuries and increases the alertness, ... and if the treatment is carried out afterwards of effort, decongests, relaxes, reduces muscle and nervous tension ... actually in the high competition it can be the Plus that sets it apart from others.

On the other hand, treatments with Thermal Contrasts Application, as well as Cold or Heat treatments provided by Therapy Cool, have very important effects in the treatment of injuries, muscular pains, back pain, contractures, inflammations, rehabilitation and physiotherapy treatments, etc., as well as in all treatments of the locomotor system (musculoskeletal), in which contrast and cold applications have a very important restorative effect and act to significantly accelerate patient recovery processes, allowing them a fast return to normal activity.

Basically, the effect of Therapy Cool treatments is the contribution of a greater flow of blood and oxygenation to the whole organism, caused by the vasodilatation and the successive vasoconstriction that the thermal contrasts produce, this stimulates the function of all the organic systems. One of them is the stimulation of the nervous system, which regulates the amount of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, adrenaline and serotonin.

On the other hand, the great contribution of blood flow produced by contrast applications at all levels, greatly increases the level of cellular oxygenation, regeneration of damaged tissues, nutrition and strengthening of tissues, muscles, reduces inflammation and muscle spasm ....

The analgesic effects of controlled heat applications on the organism are well known. The warmth provided by Therapy Cool treatments, relaxes the nervous system and promotes muscle relaxation, is antispasmodic ... ", but Heat / Cool applications (Therapy Cool thermal contrasts) have much deeper effects on the factors that cause pain.


Behind a pain there is undoubtedly an inflammation accompanied by a degeneration  of

the affected tissue. The use of the thermal contrast applications has very notable effects

on: cellular nutrition, the elimination  of  pathogenic  elements (with  which  we  obtain  a

cleaning   of   the   tissues   and   in  general  of  the  whole  blood  flow), it  activates  the 

proliferation and restoration tissue and it has  very   important  anti-inflammatory  effects,

as well as a bactericidal action produced especially by the applications of heat, ...

Thermal Contrasts for Muscle Injuries


Physiological effects of heat:


The heat increases the elasticity of the tissue, likewise the application of heat greatly increases the blood circulation in the treated area, which results in the elimination of waste on the one hand and a very important increase in the amount of nutrients and oxygen in the treated tissues on the other, resulting in a significant increase in metabolism in the treated area.

The application of heat accelerates the healing of tissues in the treatment of injuries such as sprains, muscular contusions, tendinitis, ligament injuries, etc ...

It must be kept in mind that the application of heat is especially useful in the treatment of injuries when the acute phase is over. (Its application is not recommended in the acute inflammation phase).

The application of heat is very effective to increase mobility and elasticity in the joints (ankle, knees, elbow, wrist, etc. ...), after an injury and always after the acute phase of inflammation and never forcing past from pain. (apply in the area to treat for 10/20 min of warmth before beginning the stretching exercise of the joint)

The recommended application, under normal conditions, is between 15 and 20 minutes, if the intention is to reach deeper structures, muscles, ligaments, tendons, in that case the exposure time should be extended


  • Analgesic action: It is based on the action of heat on sensitivity and especially on pain sensitivity, so it is indicated as an analgesic and sedative agent. The analgesic action is obtained in a few minutes and is more or less intense, according to the degree of temperature, time of application and personal conditions of the process or the patient. Analgesic action is manifested in all painful processes. (helps very significantly to provide the patient with a feeling of relaxation)


  • Anti-inflammatory action: It is based on the set of effects on circulation, blood, local metabolism, etc., encompassing hyperaemia. Except for some cases of very acute inflammation (appendicitis), in other cases of superficial inflammation, thermotherapy is a therapeutic resource to be used in conjunction with other procedures

  • Antispasmodic action: The application of heat acts on spasms and contractures of skeletal muscles and on spasmodic states of smooth muscles and visceral organs. Hence its indications in muscular contractures and spasms such as torticollis, low back pain, polio, visceral, vesicular pain, stomach and colic pains of all types.

Therefore, the biological effects derived from the application of heat include a marked increase in metabolic rate, increased blood flow, increased oxygenation in tissues, reduced nervous excitability, myorelaxant effect, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect, decrease of blood pressure, and increased sweating. .

Both surface cold and heat have therapeutic effects. By different mechanisms both can break the pain-spasm-pain muscle cycle, reduce inflammation and greatly accelerate the recovery process.

It is known that heat increases the distensibility of collagenous tissues, decreases joint stiffness, reduces pain and inflammation, increases blood flow and relieves muscle spasm. 

Cryotherapy in sports and rehabilitation is widely used for various purposes and with very positive qualitative results. There are effects on the decrease of pain, metabolism, oedema, inflammation, muscle spasm and it facilitates and accelerates the recovery process after an injury. 

Physiological effects of cold


The analgesic, relaxing and anti-inflammatory properties of the cold are well known, since this slows the nervous transmission.    

The discontinuous and intermittent application of cold, immediately after injury (especially in acute injuries), reduces the effects of inflammation and tearing of muscle fibres.

Cryotherapy is very effective in the treatment of any acute inflammatory process, produced by any type of injury, including postoperative injuries, those caused by aesthetic surgery, those inflammations caused by rheumatic processes, bruises, sprains, among others.

In general, we can say that the cold acts mainly producing four effects:


  • Vasoconstriction: Produced by the caloric loss in deep tissues and skin produced with the cold. This vasoconstriction is produced by direct action and by reflex action through spinal reflexes. Vasoconstriction decreases blood supply, (Cell metabolism slows down, thereby slowing down the production of inflammatory chemical mediators). It is considered the main mechanism to reduce swelling and haemorrhage after trauma and to reduce oedema in inflammatory reactions, which reduces the initial severity of the lesions. Vasoconstriction, when followed by vasodilation, reactivates the normal mechanisms of the microcirculation. This vasodilatation usually occurs in 12-15 minutes

  • Decrease of the tissue hypoxia: Cold inhibits the release of chemical mediators such as histamine (involved in the excitation of nociceptive receptors).

       On the other hand, the cold induces in the tissues a  state  of  hibernation  that causes a decrease in  the  needs  of

       oxygen due to the lower metabolic demand of the  same. These  two  factors  together  with  vasoconstriction  are

       those that explain the decline in inflammation.

  • Decreased pain: The application of cold is able to cause or relieve pain.

       Cold decreases musculoskeletal pain. Cold  application  reduces  pain  by  disrupting  the  pain-spasm-pain  cycle

       triggered by the injury. Cold acts by reducing pain and muscle spasm. Theories  that  attempt  to  explain  this  fact

       are based on the reduction of influx of sensory impulses and the reflex mechanism. 



  • Decreased muscle spasm: The application of cold produces a muscle relaxant action. The most significant reduction in spasticity occurs while the cold is applied but can remain for a few hours. The reason why muscle relaxation occurs is not very clear. Some authors say that it is due to an action at the level of neuromuscular spindles whose excitability decreases. According to other authors, gamma efferent fibres (static and dynamic) are blocked. Local cooling would be more effective in cases where there is hyperactivity of the gamma system than when there is hyperactivity of the alpha system.

       It must be taken into account that when the exposure to the cold is very intense it produces  a  destruction  of  the

       tissues. For example, dry ice carbon dioxide  and  carbonic  acid  are  frequently  used  by  dermatologists  for  this



The success of Cool Therapy treatments lies in the clinical result of applying successive thermal (heat-cold) stimuli to the body. these stimuli mainly produce blood vasoconstriction, from the cooling of the hot body and as an immediate reaction to heat, vasodilation, which causes an increase in blood circulation, helping the cleaning and elimination of pathogenic substances through the increase of globules white (means of defense of the organism), increase of the oxygen because of the greater production of red blood cells that transport it, and therefore of the carbon dioxide in the body. This leads us to a deeper breathing to eliminate it, which ventilates the bronchi.

The musculature heats up in contact with the cold and then relaxes.

The thermal stimuli also produce a response in the skin and reflexively potentiate the nerves of the sympathetic system, which release cortisone in response to the stress situation and in turn the parasympathetic system acts by regulating the physical balance and giving us a sense of well-being and calm….


Therapy Cool is undoubtedly an extraordinary tool for athletes, physiotherapists, wellness centres, high performance centres, …


From the point of view of the physical preparation, as well as for the prevention of injuries, or for the specific treatment of the same ones.

The effects that produce heat and cold applications at the physiological level are:

Some of the treatments and benefits provided by Therapy Cool in the sports field are:

Thermal Contrasts and Cold located pre-workout
Thermal Contrasts and Cold located pre-workout


  • Treatments Pre-training,    (preparation and warming up of the muscles, to avoid muscular tensions and injuries)

  • Post-workout treatments, (accelerates recovery, relaxes and recovers muscle)

  • Improves circulation, increasing muscle performance and avoiding muscle fatigue

  • Strengths the muscles

  • Relieves joint pain and decreases muscle stiffness

  • It reduces muscular and nervous tension, (acts very directly on the nervous system)

  • Treatments for high performance athletes

  • Physiotherapy Treatments

  • Treatments of most sports injuries,      accelerating their recovery and helping to consolidate results.

  • Burns fats and removes toxins and liquids

  • Nourishes, hydrates, oxygenates and reaffirms tissues

  • Reinforces the immune system and enhances the body's defenses


Why Therapy Cool, is certainly a future bet for gyms hotels and Wellness centres, at a time when you have to reduce costs and optimize resources?


  • In addition to the specific treatments offered by Therapy Cool, in the sports field, Therapy Cool offers a comprehensive solution that allows the Wellness Centre to offer its clients a wide range of treatments and services: beauty treatments, facial and body treatments, crioTherapy treatments, balneotherapy, etc ... with a unique equipment, Therapy Cool.

  • Because Therapy Cool performs all its treatments completely automatically and without OPERATOR NEED. (this is certainly a cost savings)

  • Because Wellness is becoming the priority and the first thing that customers demand, and with Therapy Cool you will be able to offer your clients an aesthetic and treatments that have as common denominator the well-being, a well-being that is felt from the first treatment...


  • Because all our treatments are based on the ancestral knowledge of Balneotherapy and the applications of contrasts, in fact the only thing we do with Therapy Cool is to train our body and help it to remember how to do, what it better knows how to do: nourish, moisturizing, firming, toning, strengthening, etc. and to get this, far from applying anything external, we get it from the inside, since we let the blood itself do it, and we help you using the techniques of Hydrotherapy that are known and used in spas since time immemorial, but we do it without the customer having to face cold water, from the comfort of a stretcher and without contact with water.

Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy Treatments 

                and Physical Conditioning

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